The Billion-Dollar Security Risk: How ATM Operators Can Safeguard Cash



[Editor's Note: This article was originally published in PaymentsJournal June 14, 2018.]

 

How do you protect countless billions in cash hidden in plain sight around the globe? How do you keep it from the hands of sophisticated cyber crooks and organized adversaries galvanized by that much currency?
 
Those questions keep security chiefs at the world’s financial institutions and ATM operators awake at night because that cache of cash is held by over three million ATM machines globally.

These concerns are especially critical as a growing number of banks and credit unions, eager to boost shrinking profit margins, look to ATM operators to manage their ATMs – both on- and off-premise.
 
I’m familiar with this angst after serving several years as director of Bank of America’s global information security operations. I worked with the best and brightest – both there and within the industry - relentlessly generating successful solutions to ensure the safety and security of our currency and customer information. In this endeavor, we constantly aimed to emulate and champion the best solutions and stay one step ahead of criminals.
 
Now, in my current role as the Chief Information Security Officer at Cardtronics – the sleepless nights continue.  While I remain confident in our ability to keep the bad guys in check, we’re never satisfied because they don’t rest – and neither do we. That’s why collaboration with all levels of law enforcement, fellow financial institutions and other security partners is essential. It proves a key differentiator throughout the life cycle of threat management.
 
As the world’s largest ATM owner/operator, Cardtronics knows ATM security issues are increasingly complex. That’s why in outsourcing their ATM operations, financial institutions must ensure that operators be as vigilant as possible in protecting their cash, cardholders and brand reputation. In view of the growing sophistication and boldness of cyber crooks and gangs, a manager of ATM machines can no longer do it alone, as many did as recently as five years ago.
 
The threat of malicious attacks is constant and real. More than half of bank executives surveyed in 2017 said their ATM losses climbed in 2016 from 2015 – whether from computer fraud, malware or brazen crash-and-grab tactics. And bold they are, such as the Bonnie-and-Clyde-style Maryland couple who last year went on a three-state ATM theft spree stealing cars, crashing them into convenience stores, and dragging out cash machines with ropes or chains. Or, there’s the Houston gang whose ritual for prospective members has been to steal an ATM from hotels and elsewhere – once again posing an ever-present threat of an attack. On top of all that, ATM jackpotting, a technique which quite literally causes an ATM to spew forth all its cash, recently made its debut in the United States.

Today, when financial institutions are evaluating their security operations or considering outsourcing ATM fleet management to third-parties, it’s more vital than ever that they look for expertise in handling local to international ATM-related threats and incidents.

Well-prepared ATM fleet management today requires superior:

  •  Internal security operations, which coordinate all security-related departments and personnel, ranging from ATM engineers and repair staff to lawyers and risk managers.  This ensures that everyone is on the same page security-wise, as well as understands their responsibilities and collaborates continually to stay on top of security developments.
  •  Intelligence gathering and information sharing, including retaining the services of national and international experts who specialize in and monitor cybercrime, skimming devices, physical theft and internal fraud.  A world-class ATM operator also shares threats and related information with local to global law enforcement agencies. Doing so speeds the flow of information about ATM-related theft events and trends, and in turn allows ATM operators and law enforcement agencies to mitigate or even prevent damage and loss. The ATM operator should also be a collaborative participant in "infosec" industry groups, such as the Financial Sector Information Sharing and Analysis Center. The 7,000-member nonprofit is considered the preeminent infosec group and focuses on analysis and information sharing to protect the global financial infrastructure against physical and cyber threats.
  • Forensic capabilities, including an internal forensics unit with a toolkit to better understand the mindset of crooks and gain an upper hand against them.
  • Analytical skills to examine and evaluate the intelligence and statistics gathered and shared with internal or external sources who are located locally, regionally, nationally and globally.  
  • Crime-assisting tools to help combat ATM and ATM-related thefts.  For instance, in the United Kingdom - where physical theft of the entire ATM unit is common and thieves often delay opening a stolen ATM to ensure they haven't been followed - Cardtronics provided several local police stations with GPS-tracking devices tied to sensors within the ATMs to determine where stolen machines had been taken.
  • Proven skills to convince fintech firms that leverage ATMs as the nexus between the digital and physical payment environments to prioritize security issues. These firms include those developing technology to perform digital-to-cash and cash-to-digital tansactions.  In the United Kingdom, Cardtronics and CashDash, a provider of multicurrency digital wallet technology, have integrated cardless cash withdrawal technology and foreign exchange functions at 5,000 of Cardtronics Cashzone ATMs in London. In North America, FIS and Cardtronics continue on a path to integrate FIS Cardless Cash access across Cardtronics' ATM fleet in the United States.

The bad guys continue to get more sophisticated because, well, the billions in cash hiding in plain sight is a tempting target. As a result, the best ATM operators just continually listen, learn, collaborate, evolve and improve to provide the strongest world-class operations for combatting them. Their reputation - as well as those of the financial institutions and retailer brands they represent - depends on it.

Dan Antilley
Chief Information Security Officer 

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